Substantive editing includes copyediting, plus an in-depth look at the text's logic and flow. This process is akin to having a writing coach at your service. The most all-inclusive type of editing, substantive editing requires two edits; one edit will be developmental in nature, and one will fine-tune the work through copyediting. For a fiction writer, I will analyze point of view, plot, dialogue, and characterization. I will provide a style sheet for easy reference.
Proofreading corrects indisputable errors only. Proofreading catches silly mistakes that grammar and spell check can't find, but a trained eye will. Proofreading is the last step before going to print and happens after a thorough copyedit. Proofreading ensures mechanical accuracy and consistency. HJ's Editing Services may reject a request to proofread if a copyedit or substantive edit proves a better tool for the job based on the document's content, accuracy, and clarity.
Copyediting includes proofreading plus a close inspection of style and consistency. I will apply the rules of the applicable style guide (CMS, APA, AP). I will individualize corrections while maintaining the credibility and voice of your work. I will analyze the language, grammar, clarity, readability, and consistency of the content, and I will offer suggestions and improvements. I will fact-check for commonly understood information and provide a style sheet for easy reference. May include developmental suggestions.
"Heather is an amazing ally. Since working with Heather, I've seen a tremendous improvement in word usage, paragraph volume and rhythm, and a much more concise body in my novels. It only took a few edited pages to realize I needed her skill. I'm happy with the results and much more confident in my own skill thanks to her. When I dared consider myself a good writer, Heather showed me I have much to learn and, in one novel, made me a better author than I thought I'd ever be."
Javier Robayo, author The Gaze
Includes proofreading plus identifies:
- Possible copyright violations
- Passive voice
- Formatting inconsistencies and errors
- Content errors
- Incorrect or inconsistent facts
- Repetitive, awkward, or confusing sentence structure and word usage
Includes copyediting plus identifies:
Telling -vs- showing
Point of view inconsistencies
Awkward/confusing sentence and paragraph organization
Speedy or slow narrative flow
Character and setting holes
Incorrect or missing punctuation
Incorrect or missing capitalization
$.01 - .015 per word
$.03 - .035 per word
$.02 - .025 per word